php使用Header函数,PHP_AUTH_PW和PHP_AUTH_USER做用户验证

     在php中,可以使用Header函数做一些有趣的事情,用户验证就是其中一个很有意思的功能。具体用法:
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Header("WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="USER LOGIN"");
Header("HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized");

在页首设计这两个Header函数,页面在载入前会出现一个登录框,要求输入用户名和密码。习惯了在页面登录的我们,是否觉得这样的登录很原始,又很新奇呢?

为了获取从这个对话框中传来的用户名和密码,需要用到php提供的两个特殊变量$PHP_AUTH_USER和$PHP_AUTH_PW,要这样使用这两个特殊变量好像需要在php.ini中设置相关的选项,不然就只能像下面这样引用:

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$_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_USER']
$_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_PW']

获取到用户提交上来的用户名和密码之后,要怎样处理逻辑就跟我们一般的程序处理没有什么区别了。下面提供两个例程供参考:

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<?php
if(!isset($PHP_AUTH_USER)) {
Header("WWW-authenticate: basic realm="XXX"");
Header("HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized");
$title="Login Instructions";
?>
<blockquote>
In order to enter this section of the web site, you must be an XXX
subscriber. If you are a subscriber and you are having trouble logging
in,
please contact <a href="mailto:support@xxx.com">support@xxx.com</a>.
</blockquote>
<?php
exit;
} else {
mysql_pconnect("localhost","nobody","") or die("Unable to connect to SQL server");
mysql_select_db("xxx") or die("Unable to select database");
$user_id=strtolower($PHP_AUTH_USER);
$password=$PHP_AUTH_PW;
$query = mysql_query("select * from users where user_id='$user_id' and password='$password'");
if(!mysql_num_rows($query)) {
Header("WWW-authenticate: basic realm="XXX"");
Header("HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized");
$title="Login Instructions";
?>
<blockquote>
In order to enter this section of the web site, you must be an XXX
subscriber. If you are a subscriber and you are having trouble
logging in,
please contact <a href="mailto:support@xxx.com">support@xxx.com</a>.
</blockquote>
<?php
exit;
}
$name=mysql_result($query,0,"name");
$email=mysql_result($query,0,"email");
mysql_free_result($query);
}
?>

另外一个参考的例程:

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<?php
//assume user is not authenticated
$auth = false;
$user = $_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_USER'];
$pass = $_SERVER['PHP_AUTH_PW'];
if ( isset($user) && isset($pass) )
{
//connect to db
include 'db_connect.php';
//SQL query to find if this entered username/password is in the db
$sql = "SELECT * FROM healthed_workshop_admin WHERE
user = '$PHP_AUTH_USER' AND
pass = '$PHP_AUTH_PW'";
//put the SQL command and SQL instructions into variable
$result = mysql_query($sql) or die('Unable to connect.');
//get number or rows in command; if more than 0, row is found
$num_matches = mysql_num_rows($result);
if ($num_matches !=0)
{
//matching row found authenticates user
$auth = true;
}
}
if (!$auth)
{
header('WWW-Authenticate: Basic realm="Health Ed Presentation Admin"');
header('HTTP/1.0 401 Unauthorized');
echo 'You must enter a valid username & password.';
exit;
}
else
{
echo 'Success!';
}
?>


栏目:脚本技术   发布时间:2016-05-05 13:31:06


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